Floral Art School of Australia and International Floral Design School

Flowers Used in Floristry – Chrysanthemums

I hope you are enjoying your week.

There are different varieties of flowers and foliage that are often used in floristry. In the floristry course you will learn about the types that are often used and how to care for them so they last well.


The chrysanthemum is Japan’s national flower. They are extremely long-lasting flowers that can be used it all types of floral designs and can last up to two weeks.

Chrysanthemums have long been associated with Mother’s Day.

Chrysanthemums are also referred to as “mums” in the floristry trade.

Chrysanthemums are round multi-petalled flowers that come in shades of white, pink, mauve, gold, rust and wine. There are many different varieties.

Flowers image by floral art school

Chrysanthemums can range in size from 3-20cm across the top – from tiny button chrysanthemums through to medium size field chrysanthemums and up to large disbud chrysanthemums that can be as large as a saucer.

Bunch chrysanthemums have clusters of several flower heads growing on the one stem. These can be used in all different types of floral designs. The flower heads are sometimes too heavy and clustered together to use just as they are in arrangements.

To give a better shape you can snip off the overcrowded flower stems. These cut off flower stems can often be used in smaller designs

Daisy like chrysanthemums resemble daisies and have a yellow centre.

Button chrysanthemums have small flower heads.

Fuji or spider chrysanthemums have fine spidery petals.

Disbuds are very large ball shaped chrysanthemums that are specially cultivated. The buds are removed to allow all the strength to travel up to the large head.

Handle chrysanthemums gently as the petals tend to shatter, especially if they are knocked.

Chrysanthemum leaves do not last nearly as long as the flowers and wither and turn yellow. It is often a good idea to remove the foliage from the stems.

In the Floral Art School of Australia and International Floral Design School  Floristry Course you will learn about the different types of flowers often used in floristry, how to care for them so they have last well and how to arrange them into stunning floral designs.

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