Floral Art School of Australia and International Floral Design School

Planning Your Flower Arrangement

Before you make up a floral design you should have a mental picture in your mind of how you want the finished flower arrangement to look.

Think of the style, type of flowers, foliage and colours you would like to use that go well together.

The arrangement should suit the occasion and where it is finally going to be placed.

The final location of the arrangement should influence the style of the arrangement and the choice of materials and container.

A modern home calls for an uncluttered look such as a few anthuriums or gerberas, sword shaped leaves and twiggy stems arranged in a plain container.

An urn filled with roses, lilac and trailing stems of ivy would be suitable for a traditional home.

Line arrangements are slim upright designs and are use a minimum amount of materials.

Round arrangements are circular – they are often used for a table arrangement.

Horizontal arrangements – are low and are suitable for a centrepiece.

Triangular arrangements – the outline forms a triangle shape and made to be viewed from the front.

Mass arrangements – are large fan shaped using a variety of different flowers and they are suitable for a foyer, hall or reception room.

European designs – flowers are placed in groups as if growing naturally rather than spread throughout the design and bright colours are often used.

Oriental designs – usually a few choice flowers arranged in a simple way.

Hand Tied Posy – the stems are held in one hand whilst adding flowers and foliage with the other in a spiral effect. The finished posy is tied with string. The completed posy is then placed in water.

Florist Tools
In every trade or profession, certain tools are needed in order to do the job well.

You will need some basic tools for floristry

These include

  • Cutters to cut flower and foliage stems
  • Scissors
  • Containers
  • Florist foam
  • Florist wire
  • Floral tape to cover wire stems.
  • Ribbon in various widths and colours.
  • Pot tape to secure florist foam in position.
  • Cellophane
  • Tissue and wrapping paper
  • Pearl pins
  • Water Sprayer

The container used should suit the size and the style of the arrangement, the occasion and where the arrangement will be positioned.

You may already have a selection of different styles of vases and containers.

If not, it is fun to start a collection of different styles of containers and you can often find them in home decor stores, discount shops and weekend markets.

Tall upright container are suitable for long stemmed flowers and low containers for centrepieces.

Modern arrangements look great in glass vases or flat containers.

Flower arranging can really bring out the creative side on you!

Until next time – have a great week

Fay Chamoun

Floral Art School of Australia and
International Floral Design School